Is the Pope from God?
People are fascinated by the Pope, the pageantry surrounding
him, the secrecy, the power, the wealth. But what does God
think of the Pope, the papacy in general, and the entire
Roman Catholic Church? Let’s open the Bible and also look
at history to determine whether the Pope and the Catholic
Church are from God.
Was Peter the Rock?
Catholics turn to
to claim that Peter was the rock upon which the universal
church was to be built and that he was therefore the first
“And I also say to you that you are Peter, and on
this rock I will build My church, and the gates of
Hades shall not prevail against it.”
In this text, the Holy Spirit referred to Peter using the
Greek word “petros”: a stone which can be easily moved.
The Greek word translated “rock” is “petra” which describes
a solid mass or ledge of rock. This rock is not referring
to Peter himself, but rather to the statement he had just
“Simon Peter answered and said, ‘You are the Christ, the Son
of the living God.’ Jesus answered and said to him,
‘Blessed are you, Simon Bar-Jonah, for flesh and blood has
not revealed this to you, but My Father who is in heaven.’ ”
Many verses in both the Old Testament and the New Testament
refer to Jesus, the Messiah, as the rock.
is quoted in
“As it is written: ‘Behold, I lay in Zion a stumbling stone
and rock of offense, And whoever believes on Him will not be
put to shame.’”
I Peter 2:4-8.
“Coming to Him as to a living stone, rejected indeed by men,
but chosen by God and precious, you also, as living stones,
are being built up a spiritual house, a holy priesthood, to
offer up spiritual sacrifices acceptable to God through
Jesus Christ. Therefore it is also contained in the
Scripture, ‘Behold, I lay in Zion A chief cornerstone,
elect, precious, And he who believes on Him will by no means
be put to shame.’ Therefore, to you who believe, He is
precious; but to those who are disobedient, ‘The stone which
the builders rejected Has become the chief cornerstone,’ and
‘A stone of stumbling And a rock of offense.’”
These all say that the rock is Christ! Also twice in
Paul explains that the rock, the foundation, is Christ.
I Corinthians 3:11
“For no other foundation can anyone lay than that which is
laid, which is Jesus Christ.”
I Corinthians 10:4
“and all drank the same spiritual drink. For they drank of
that spiritual Rock that followed them, and that Rock was
So it is crystal clear that Peter was not the rock upon
which the church was to be built, but rather what he stated
about Jesus being the Messiah, the Son of the Living God.
Was Peter the Chief Apostle?
The claim is made that since Peter is always named first in
the list of the apostles that this signifies that he was the
chief apostle and was given preeminence. Note
I Corinthians 3:21-22
“Therefore let no one boast in men. For all things are
yours: whether Paul or Apollos or Cephas, or the world of
life or death, or things present or things to come – all are
I Corinthians 9:5. “Do we have no right to take along a
believing wife, as do also the other apostles, the brothers
of the Lord, and Cephas?”
The apostle Paul said he was not inferior to the other
II Corinthians 11:5
“For I consider that I am not at all inferior to all the
most eminent apostles.”
Also, Peter refused for anyone to bow down to him.
“As Peter was coming in, Cornelius met him and fell down at
his feet and worshiped him. But Peter lifted him up,
saying, ‘Stand up; I myself am also a man.’ ”
Peter was even rebuked by Paul.
“Now when Peter had come to Antioch, I withstood him to his
face, because he was to be blamed; for before certain men
came from James, he would eat with the Gentiles; but when
they came, he withdrew and separated himself, fearing those
who were of the circumcision. And the rest of the Jews also
played the hypocrite with him, so that even Barnabas was
carried away with their hypocrisy. But when I saw that they
were not straightforward about the truth of the gospel, I
said to Peter before them all, ‘If you, being a Jew, live in
the manner of Gentiles and not as the Jews, why do you
compel Gentiles to live as Jews?’ ”
Was Peter the Only One Given the Keys to the Kingdom?
“Assuredly, I say to you, whatever you bind on earth will be
bound in heaven, and whatever you loose on earth will be
loosed in heaven.
Jesus repeats what He said in
“And I will give you the keys of the kingdom of heaven, and
whatever you bind on earth will be bound in heaven, and
whatever you loose on earth will be loosed in heaven.”
applies it to all the apostles.
“At that time the disciples came to Jesus, saying, ‘Who then
is greatest in the kingdom of heaven?’ ”
When the church was established, all the apostles spoke to
the assembly and used the keys to open up the Kingdom.
Acts 2:14, 37 “But Peter, standing up with the eleven,
raised his voice and said to them, ‘Men of Judea and all who
dwell in Jerusalem, let this be known to you, and heed my
Now when they heard this, they were cut to the heart, and
said to Peter and the rest of the apostles, ‘Men and
brethren, what shall we do?’ ”
Was Peter the First Pope?
Catholic doctrine teaches that Peter was the Bishop of Rome
and therefore the Pope. Being the Pope he was also head of
the entire church. A successor would be required at the
death of each Pope.
When Christ established His church, He never taught
that a single bishop [elder, pastor] was to be over a church
or group of churches. Nowhere in the New Testament is this
allowed or authorized. Rather a group of men [two or more]
were to head each congregation. See
Titus 1:5, 7.
“For this reason I left you in Crete, that you should set in
order the things that are lacking, and appoint elders in
every city as I commanded you –
For a bishop must be blameless, as a steward of God, not
self-willed, not quick tempered, not given to wine, not
violent, not greedy for money.”
“Therefore take heed to yourselves and to all the flock,
among which the Holy Spirit has made you overseers, to
shepherd the church of God which He purchased with His own
“And when they had preached the gospel to that city and made
many disciples, they returned to Lystra, Iconium, and
Antioch, strengthening the souls of the disciples, exhorting
them to continue in the faith, and saying, ‘We must through
many tribulations enter the kingdom of God.’ So when they
had appointed elders in every church, and prayed with
fasting, they commended them to the Lord in whom they had
We have seen from examining Scripture that there is no
support for the office of Pope nor was Peter ever a Pope.
This teaching is clearly a man-made doctrine with no
approval from God whatsoever. Bobby Stafford September 17,